Pronunciation: Contracting HAS onto NOUNS & INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English.
Today we’re just going to practice contracting the word HAS onto nouns. So, obviously, in the singular form as well as [onto] indefinite pronouns such as SOMEONE, SOMEBODY, EVERYONE, EVERYBODY, etc. Those are the indefinite pronouns.
So, HAS is obviously the second person singular form of the verb TO HAVE in the present tense. And to start with we’re just going to dive straight in and do a listen and repeat exercise here guys where I’m just going to use a few different nouns to start with and contract HAS onto them. And then after that I’m going to do some of the, or all of the, indefinite pronouns and again contract HAS onto them. So, let’s go through and practice the uncontracted followed by the contracted form of each one of these one time. Listen and repeat after me.
Listen and repeat:
The dog has
My car has
That tree has
A bag has
This guy has
That book has
The computer has
And now for the indefinite pronouns:
No one has
So, that’s it guys. It’s pretty simple. I’m sure you’re getting the idea by now after having done all of the previous episodes with HAS. So, I’ll keep it short. We can jump straight into the substitution exercise guys where I’ve listed a whole bunch of different sentences using the word HAS, and we’re going to contract that word onto the word before it, which is either going to be a noun or an indefinite pronoun.
So, listen and repeat after me guys, if you want to make it a listen and repeat exercise and just practice your pronunciation. Or treat it as a substitution exercise as we’ve discussed in the past.
A bag has got a zip.
A bag’s got a zip.
The dog has got a bone.
The dog’s got a bone.
That tree has fallen over.
That tree’s fallen over.
My car has been repaired.
My car’s been repaired.
Someone has just arrived.
Someone’s just arrived.
This guy has just been hired.
This guy’s just been hired.
No one has seen him in days.
No one’s seen him in days.
Somebody has got the answer.
Somebody’s got the answer.
I think the computer has got a virus.
I think the computer’s got a virus.
Everybody has finished the lesson.
Everybody’s finished the lesson.
I don’t think anyone has asked him.
I don’t think anyone’s asked him.
That book has got a twist in the story.
That book’s got a twist in the story.
No body has been watching us at the moment.
No body’s been watching us at the moment.
Do you think everyone has eaten enough food?
Do you think everyone’s eaten enough food?
If anyone has got some spare time, let me know.
If anyone’s got some spare time, let me know.
So, that’s it for this episode, guys. Listen and repeat a few times until these contractions become natural, you don’t have to think about it, and you can improve your fluidity of spoken English. See you in the next episode.