Topic

Lesson 3 – Breakdown

Topic Progress:

Part 2: Breakdown

Good day, guys! here is the second part of the hobbies lesson for the IELTS course so, Kel, how are we going to run this video?

I think… I think it is important to explain how the Speaking Test works, because some people might not, you know, know about it. They haven’t tried IELTS yet, and some other people just want to get more familiar with the text. So, for those who don’t know the Speaking Test, it takes like 15, 11 minutes it depends on how much you’re talking to be honest.

And the hint there is always talk as much as possible. Even if you are rambling they want you to keep going don’t answer questions with a short sentence, keep talking.

Because if you… if you’re running out of time, they’ll stop you so, you don’t have to worry about being quick. You can talk as in very naturally and just say as much as you can and if they, if you’re time is out, they’ll tell you. So, don’t worry about running out of time, just talk as much as you can. So it lasts for like 15 minutes and it has three sessions, first one they’re gonna ask about you and if you’re in Australia, why, what you doing in Australia or what brought you here, things like that, like your name and where you’re from. Just basic sort of conversation. The second part they’ll give you a much more direct question, like tell me about your hobbies or tell me, what do you do for fun? or what do you do in your spare time? Things like that. And the third part is an extension of the second part. So, there are some things related to this topic. So, for example, hobbies they might ask you Do you think children should spend more time playing outside than inside playing video games? Things like that, so it’s always like it’s related to the previous topic, but they just want you to talk more and to explain your ideas a bit more.

So, yeah this is basically, and it’s the last part of your IELTS, the whole test. So, I guess the whole test. So, that’s the last one. You might have a break I think after you your writing… I’m not quite sure, but that’s the last part of the test. So, you have time to breathe, relax and then you do Speaking test.

So, what are the sort of questions that they might ask you if you wanted to go through you’ve got six years, I think?

Yeah because I think… not only on the Speaking Test, but also on the Listening test a lot of people expect them to be direct or to be you know simple like what do you do for fun?And honestly they’re not going to do that. They wanna trick you or you want to make it sound more complicated than it actually is or they just want to use different vocabulary and see if you can you can handle it, if you can understand. So, we have here:

What do you do for fun?

That’s a standard one.

Yeah absolutely. What do you usually do to relax?

Yeah. What do you usually do to relax?

What do you do in your free time?

What do you do in your free time?

Yes. What sort of hobbies did you have as a child? That was the questions. I got when I did my test.

What sort of hobbies did you have as a child?

Yes. What do you do in your downtime? I didn’t know whar downtime was…

Downtime is like spare time. What do you do in your downtime? Is the time that you’re not, I guess, it could be the opposite of like up time, which would be when you’re working or you’re busy and your downtime is like I just get to relax and chill out.

And what do you do with your spare time? Which is again…

Same as downtime.

Same as downtime.

What do you do with your spare time? The time that you, you know, do or you have spare free time as well.

So there are like… these are different ways they can ask you the same thing, what are you hobbies? What do you do when you’re not working or when you’re not doing the things you have to do? Which is like just relaxing or enjoyable things you have, activities you have in your life and…

Ways to respond to these questions.

I think the basic ones are. I like. I love doing this. I like doing that so, like and love and gerund.

That’s what I was going to mention. So, that’s really good tip you can use the infinitive verb: I like to walk. I like to surf. I like to read. I like to collect stamps. I love to collect stamps, I love to read, I love to surf. Both of those act the same way, but a more advanced way of saying the same thing is using the Gerund form so, the verb ending in ING. I like surfing. I like running. I like reading. I love shopping. I love collecting stamps. That’s a more advanced way of using grammar, I guess, instead of I like to do. I love to do.

Yeah but I like and I love are very simple standard sort of ways to reply to those questions.I would say, if you give more complex answers you’re get higher marks.

A really good phrase that you will have heard me use in the previous video is I’m into something. So, you can say I’m really interested in something or I’m really into something. I’m quite into something so. that’s to be into something is to be interested in something, right? So I use that all the time. I might say to Kel, if I’d met Kel, what are you into? What do you do for fun? What sort of hobbies are you into? What hobbies do you like to do? What are you interested in doing? So into, what are you into? Is really good.

Yeah, and if you’re interested in something, because it’s the some thing, it’s an object they’re, after Iiterested in something. If we want to use a verb, gerund. I’m interested in surfing. I’m interested in collecting stamps, I’m interested in running. It’ll never be I’m interested in to run. Ok? That structure will never be used. So interested in something and another one that I used is to be over something. Which means you don’t like it anymore. Ok? if I’m over it it’s the idea of here it is, I was once here and now I am over that thing and I don’t like it anymore. I don’t want to do it anymore, I’m over collecting stamps, I’m over surfing, I’m over running, I’m over that thing, I hate it.

And you can also, like, for the same example, you might say I used to you. Like when I was talking about the hobbies I had as a child, I said I used to run my bike or whatever it was, but it’s just a different way to say I did it in the past.

Yeah. So, there’s two forms there that we can use you could use would and you’ll usually frame this with an introductory statement placing the time in the past. When I was a kid, when I was young, in the 60s, in the 50s, whatever, you know, in a period of time in the past I would do something, I would go shopping, I would go to the beach, I would collect stamps or you can is used to. I used to collect stamps, I used to go shopping, I used to surf a lot. Ok? But notice the structure there. I would surf, I would surf, in the past. I used to surf in the past so, there’s no Gerund here and I would think of used to as a unit, I used to and then the bare infinitive of the verb, I used to run, I used to walk, I used to collect stamps.

And the assumption is you don’t do it anymore, right?

Yeah as soon as you use would and used to, to talk about a time in the past, it shows that that thing was a habit that occurred a lot, but because in the past it no longer happens anymore. So, you could say we could, you could follow it up by saying I used to do this and now I still do it, but quite often if you just say I used to the idea is that it doesn’t happen anymore maybe because you’re over it and you’re not into it anymore.!

Another way to talk about hobbies you might say I’m passionate about something. I’m passionate about cooking, you’re passionate about photography…

I’m passionate about, I’m obsessed with. I’m passionate about something, I’m passionate about photography, I’m passionate about Kel. I’m really obsessed with photography. I am obsessed with surfing. I’m obsessed with running in the mornings so, to be really passionate about something so, that we can use the Gerund, passionate about surfing, walking, collecting stamps. Be really obsessed with, Gerund, collecting stamps walking, running etc.

And something I mentioned on the previous video was a hobby I’ve recently taken up is coping. So to take up a hobby is a…is it a phrasal verb?

It’s a phrasal verb, it’s a very good one to use, to take something up is to begin something like a hobby, right? The idea I guess, you know, the verb take is to bring something towards yourself or to removed something from one place to another, you’re taking that thing and then up. I don’t know why it’s to take up but it’s a common one to use meaning you have begun something so, Kel took up French a few months ago. I took up photography maybe six months ago. I’m wanting to take up I don’t know, learning Swedish in the future so, you can use to take up that’s a very good phrasal verb to use, to take up something. I want to take up surfing, I want to take up cooking and remember that Gerund that too when it’s, when it’s talking about something, an object.

It’s very good to use phrasal verbs.

Phrasal verbs and the Gerunds, guys. In the Durang guys go crazy with it.

I think we need to reinforce that short answers are not good enough. So if you will wonder if you want to get high marks you have to come up with complex sentences, complex ways to say… to explain why this hobby is interesting to you right. If I only say I like cooking, I enjoy cooking, it doesn’t say much.

Even if it’s a hundred percent correct. It could be perfect. So, what do you do on weekends? I cook. It’s correct. But you need to express yourself more and…

Make sure when you’re preparing for the test you have a list of reasons. Whatever it is, I like cooking, I like taking photos, but I have a list of reasons why you like those things.

And I think tell the story, right? As if you were having a real conversation with someone that you’ve just met or someone that you know, you know, they want to know more. So, elaborate, elaborate as much as possible. Like if I were to say to Kel, you know, what’s your hobby? And you would just say photography, they’re going to be like give us more and a better answer would be recently, I just got into photography and I am obsessed with this hobby, it’s amazing, it’s so cerebral, it’s really interesting, it’s fascinating. And you say why is it fascinating? Because I do this this this and this, you know, so just elaborate, elaborate, elaborate.

So, for example if you like playing football, you might say I like spending time outside with my friends, it keeps me fit or is strategic as well, it’s challenging. You know, I just come up with reasons and explain why this hobby is important to you, they wanna listen, they want to listen to you talking as much as you can.

I think a good way too of thinking about it is maybe when you’re practicing and wanting to elaborate on these topics right down question words: who what why when where which and use those to answer or to talk about the thing. So, imagine I had who, what, why, when, where for photography. Who taught me? Who showed me? Ok, I learned a bit from Kel, I learned from Dad, I learnt from YouTube. Where, where to why do photography? Why? I do it because it’s really cerebral. I find it really, really challenging, you know, so you can keep, you can use those question words to sort of think about how to talk about those topics from different angles, from different positions to keep it interesting and to keep it flowing. So, who taught you? What is it? Why did you start learning? Where have you done it? When did you do it? All of those things.

I think we’ve mentioned a few of our hobbies, but there are many, many others like I said playing football, collecting stamps, like your mum…

Collecting shells, collecting things in general.

Gardening. It’s a good one. Reading. That’s one of my favorites. Writing, a lot of people like writing, painting is a good one, cooking as I said.

Learning English!

Learning languages! There so many activities you can talk about and again if you don’t have one single thing that you’re passionate about you can make it up for IELTS. Okay I haven’t really started my painting course but I’m doing the test next week, so I’ll talk about this, like you know I’m really trying to get into painting or that’s my next, you know, that’s my goal for the future, I’ll learn how to paint.

So you think of taking up painting, Kel? Not really, she’s not a painter.

No. So yeah, that’s it.

So, did you have any other tips and expressions that you wanted to mention or we’ve sort of gone over them all.

We’ve gone over them all, to be into something, to be interested in something, in something, right?

To be into something, to be interested in something, to be obsessed with something, to be passionate about something. So, just focus on those prepositions that go after those words. So practice those collocations, passionate about, interested in, obsessed with and eventually it will just become natural.

Spare time and downtime. They’re basically the same thing and to be used to doing something, right?

To be used to doing something would be accustomed to something. Used to do something… Exactly, exactly. That’s a complex one using used or use in English.

Well, thanks for joining us, guys! There will be many more videos like this in the future. Don’t forget to comment down below. Give us an idea of what you do as your hobbies and try and use some of these expressions, right? Try and write a little paragraph or something. Practice it. Speak out loud, chat to your friends, you know, maybe go out and talk to someone right now about your hobbies whether it’s a family member or friend, your teacher or other students in an English class, but just use this sort of vocab and language and expressions and it will just become natural. The good thing is it’s not just useful for IELTS, you’ll be able to use this anywhere in English and especially hobbys is something that you talk about all the time.

When you make friends…

Exactly, when you get to know people IN small talk you’ve got to always say oh what do you do for fun? What are you into? What do you do? What are you passionate about?

That’s it. And it’s a very common topic IELTS. They wanna know about you and they do want to trick you, but they wanna make you talk about yourself a little bit so, I think it’s one of the most common ones, hobbies and activities you enjoy doing.

Awesome! Thanks for joining us, guys. See you soon!