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Australian English Pronunciation

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  1. An Introduction to the IPA
    13 Topics
  2. Vowels: Pronunciation Tutorials
    20 Topics
  3. Vowels: Pronunciation Exercises
    20 Topics
  4. Vowels: Minimal Pairs
    8 Topics
  5. Consonants: Pronunciation Tutorials
    26 Topics
  6. Consonants: Pronunciation Exercises
    26 Topics
  7. Consonants: Minimal Pairs
    21 Topics
  8. 3 Pronunciations of Past Participles: -ED
    4 Topics

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Lesson 4, Topic 5
In Progress

/æ/ vs /e/ – e.g. bad vs bed

Peter Smissen February 14, 2018
Lesson Progress
0% Complete

Complete the exercise by:

  1. Listening to the MP3 and noticing the sound differences
  2. Listening & repeating each word out loud.

/æ/ – /e/ x 2

bad – bed
/bæd/ -/bed/

and – end
/ænd/ – /end/

axe – X
/æks/ – /eks/

bag – beg
/bæg/ – /beg/

had – head
/hæd/ – /hed/

ham – hem
/hæm/ – /hem/

jam – gem
æm/ – /ʤem/

pan – pen
/pæn/ – /pen/

pat – pet
/pæt/ – /pet/

sad – said
/sæd/ – /sed/

sat – set
/sæt/ – /set/

band – bend
/bænd/ – /bend/

bat – bet
/bæt/ – /bet/

dad – dead
/dæd/ – /ded/

flash – flesh
/flæʃ/ – /fleʃ/

gnat – net
/næt/ – /net/

land – lend
/lænd/ – /lend/

shall – shell
æl/ – /ʃel/

spanned – spend
/spænd/ – /spend/

marry – merry
/ˈmæri/ – /ˈmeri/

manned – mend
/mænd/ – /mend/

gassed – guest
/gæst/ – /gest/

track – trek
/træk/ – /trek/

flax – flecks
/flæks/ – /fleks/

cattle – kettle
/ˈkætl/ – /ˈketl/

bland – blend
/blænd/ – /blend/

tamper – temper
/ˈtæmpɐ/ – /ˈtempɐ/

vat – vet
/væt/ – /vet/

tamp – temp
/tæmp/ – /temp/

frat – fret
/fræt/ – /fret/


Tongue Twisters:


Practice phrases to read out loud:

  1. A wet rag had a temper tantrum.
  2. The vet has a vat of wet cats to vet.
  3. I stepped on a stamp of a net full of gnats.
  4. Brad fed bread to fat Fred as a fad for Ned.
  5. Sam’s men like bland blends of Fran’s friends’.
  6. The secret has been kept capped by the fretting frat cats.
  7. He danced on the fancy fence with a dense pebble in his hand.
  8. She lent the land to a man with men spanning from end to end.
  9. She has no friends in France, for friends from France never dance.
  10. Chad checked the deck and ladders for letters about Matt’s dacks.