Topic

/æ/ vs /ɐ/ – e.g. bat vs but

Topic Progress:

Complete the exercise by:

  1. Listening to the MP3 and noticing the sound differences
  2. Listening & repeating each word out loud.

/æ/ – /ɐ/ x 2

bat – butt
bæt – bɐt

batter – butter
ˈbætɐ – ˈbɐ

cap – cup
ˈkæp – kɐp

cat – cut
kæt – kɐt

match – much
mæʧ – mɐʧ

bad – bud
bæd – bɐd

began – begun
bɪˈgæn – bɪˈgɐn

drank – drunk
dræŋk – drɐŋk

fan – fun
fæn – fɐn

hat – hut
hæt – hɐt

ran – run
ræn – rɐn

sang – sung
sæŋ – sɐŋ

swam – swum
swæm – swɐm

ankle – uncle
ˈæŋkl – ˈɐŋkl

back – buck
bæk – bɐk

badge – budge
bæʤ – bɐʤ

bag – bug
bæg – bɐg

banker – bunker
ˈbæŋkɐ – ˈbɐŋkɐ

brash – brush
bræʃ – brɐʃ

cam – come
kæm – kɐm

dabble – double
ˈdæbl – ˈdɐbl

crash – crush
kræʃ – krɐʃ

cab – cub
kæb – kɐb

sax – sucks
sæks – sɐks

stand – stunned
stænd – stɐnd

track – truck
træk – trɐk

hang – hung
hæŋ – hɐŋ

mad – mud
mæd – mɐd

cram – crumb
kræm – krɐm

paddle – puddle
ˈpædl – ˈpɐdl


Tongue Twisters:


Practice phrases to read out loud:

  1. The man hugged the mad hag in the mud.
  2. The pub hung a sax that sucks on the hanger.
  3. Cram a crumb of crab or ham into the cub’s hand.
  4. The cat cut the rug to rags and dug a hole for dags.
  5. Buddy stands stunned cramming crumbs of bugs into bags.
  6. The truck bushwhacked off the track and got stuck in the mud.
  7. So much trouble from thrusting batches of matches into rubble.
  8. The sad man’s badge budged as he smudged the smashed thug.
  9. Brad madly paddles over puddles with his hands to avoid mucky muddy sands.
  10. Clutches of eggs are hatching in the Dutch hutch with the stuffed scratched hatch.